Heritage Town: General Trias, Cavite

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The town of General Trias in Cavite was named after the first (unofficial) vice president of the Philippines. General Trias is formerly called San Francisco de Malabon, in honor of its patron saint and the abundance of bamboo shoots in the area. But by virtue of Act No. 2889, San Francisco de Malabon was renamed into General Mariano Trias.

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Born to Balbino Trias and Gabriela Closas on October 12, 1869, General Mariano Trias is the town’s proudest and most prominent son. He was a member of the Katipunan, general of the Philippine Revolutionary Army, and Secretary of Finance and of War of the First Philippine Republic. General Mariano Trias was elected as vice president both in the Tejeros Convention and the Biak-na-Bato Republic. When the provisions of Act No. 83 (The Provincial Government Act of 1901) was extended thereby creating the Province of Cavite by virtue of Act No. 138, Mariano Trias was appointed as its first civil governor.

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On August 31, 1896, the Sangguniang Mapagtiis of the Katipunan, led by General Mariano Trias, successfully attacked the town cuartel general and disarmed the Spanish soldiers. Popularly called the First Cry of Cavite, this uprising eventually ignited the Philippine Revolution against Spain in the provinces of Manila, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Laguna, and Batangas. A mural depicting the uprising can be seen in the town plaza.

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Behind the mural is the town’s parish church: Saint Francis of Assisi Church. Built in 1611, it was here where the Banda San Francisco de Malabon (now called Banda Matanda or Old Band) played first the national anthem, Marcha Filipina, before the official proclamation of the Philippine Independence in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898.

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In front of the town hall is the Bantayog ng mga Bayani ng Lahi ng General Trias which honors those USAFFE soldiers who sacrificed during the World War II in Cavite, in Corregidor Island, and in Bataan. It also honored the civilians who died at the atrocities of the Japanese army and the Toledo bus drivers who transported the Allied soldiers and guerillas.

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Also in the town center is a mural depicting the agro-industrial status that General Trias has attained through the years. It hosts the Gateway Business Park, New Cavite Industrial City, and part of the Cavite Export Processing Zone. With these industrial parks, parallel businesses came along which makes General Trias a thriving town.

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From a remote estate teeming with bamboo shoots, General Trias has metamorphosed into a frontier of socio-economic development in the region.

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