The outbreak of the Second World War called for extraordinary gallantry sacrificed at the pantheon of nationalism, independence and freedom. Many were called to defend the Motherland. And then there was Ferdinand Edralin Marcos and his 9000-strong Ang Maharlika guerilla unit who waged battles and scored victories in Northern Luzon.

I have previously blogged the exemplary heroism of Brigadier General Vicente Lim who was posthumously awarded with Legion of Merit and the Purple Heart, the hero of the Battle of Layac Junction Sergeant Jose Calugas who was given the Medal of Honor and so were Lieutenant Julian Chua and Cecilio Garcia who received the Distinguished Service Cross, then, finally, Captain Jesus A. Villamor who was bestowed with two Distinguished Service Cross and Oak Leaf Cluster. There was no doubt about their services rendered and honors received as they have been universally recognized.

On the other hand, Captain Ferdinand E. Marcos amassed the following 32 medals and citations:

  • Medal of Valor
  • 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Purple Heart
  • 1st and 2nd Philippine Legion of Honor
  • Wounded Soldier’s Medal
  • Wounded Soldier’s Medal (1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Bronze Anahaw Leaf)
  • Philippine Independence Medal
  • Philippine Defense Service Medal
  • Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation Badge
  • Philippine Liberation Medal
  • World War II Victory Medal
  • American Defense Service Medal
  • Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal
  • Combat Infantry Man’s Badge
  • Gold Cross
  • Gold Cross (1st, 2nd, 3rd Bronze Anahaw Leaf)
  • 1st and 2nd Silver Star
  • Distinguished Service Cross
  • Distinguished Conduct Star (1st and 2nd Bronze Anahaw Leaf)
  • Distinguished Service Star
  • Distinguished Service Star (1st Bronze Anahaw Leaf)

But the heroism and exploits of Lt. Ferdinand E. Marcos and his guerillas have been time and time again disputed and debunked. But are we going to see the end of those debates and questions on the veracity of these medals and citations? Or the Philippine society as it is now stands will even care to find its closure for this and other Marcos-related issues?


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  • LimGarcia

    Believe me or not!

    Back in 2002, I had the opportunity to meet a wonderful 94 old lady in Basud, Camarines Norte who claimed to be one of Marcos intelligence people. During World War II, she was forced to marry a Japanese captain. As the captain’s wife, she told us that the japanese soldiers respected her. She shared us a story, that at one time, when the Japanese captain was out of town, she disguised herself as a man and sneak out to give information to Marcos about the Japanese positions and artillery. She was describing to me a town in Ilocos. When she was about to go back the japanese quarters, Japanese soldiers came and began hunting Marcos and the other guerillas. The Japanese soldiers were arresting every young man. To escape, she immediately changed her clothes and then ran towards the market place and acted as if she was there to buy something. When the Japanese soldiers came, she told them the she is the Captains wife. She told us that she was nearly caught.

    I told Lola that it would be nice if she can write her story and that we would learn a lot about their struggles during World War 2. She answered she cannot, during the time when the Japanese soldiers were fleeing from the Americans, she managed to escape her Japanese husband and then since been hiding and had changed her name. She told us that many political enemies of the Marcos wanted them to be silent up to threatening to kill her and the other guerillas who fought side by side with Marcos.

    How I wished I had more time with Lola. I only met her once but I think I believe her story.


    Many silent heroes died during the World War and their stories went with them, six feet under.

  • Edwin Floresta


    • Nom Flo

      or kahit totoo lahat nung 31 pero kasinungalingan yung isa, nababalewala lahat.