The Birthplace of President Manuel A. Roxas

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The future president of the Republic of the Philippines was born to Gerardo Roxas, Sr. and Rosario Acuña in this house in the former town of Capiz, Capiz on January 1, 1892.

President Manuel A. Roxas Birthplace

President Manuel A. Roxas Birthplace

Manuel Acuña Roxas had a meteoric rise to Philippine politics and public service. In 1917 he was elected to the Capiz Municipal Council. From 1919 to 1922, he was the governor of the Province of Capiz. As a member of the House of Representatives, Roxas represented the first district of Capiz to the Sixth (1922-25), Seventh (1925-28), Eighth (1928-31), Ninth (1931-34), and Tenth (1934-45) Philippine Legislatures. He also represented Capiz in the First National Assembly from 1935 to 1938. More importantly, he was the Speaker of the House from the Sixth Legislature up to the Ninth Legislature.

Pursuant to the provisions of Tydings-McDuffie Act or the Philippine Independence Act of 1934, it authorized the 1934 Constitutional Convention and Roxas was one of the 202 delegates. He was also one of the seven who prepared draft of the Constitution. After his stint with the Con-Con, he was appointed by President Manuel L. Quezon as Secretary of Finance. In 1941, Roxas was elected at large as a senator but only served when the First Congress was convened after the Liberation. He was also its Senate President.

President Manuel A. Roxas

President Manuel A. Roxas

From May 28, 1946 to July 4, 1946, Manuel A. Roxas became the last president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. His main agenda was the declaration of Philippine independence. His inauguration to the Office of the President of the Third Philippine Republic on July 4, 1946 also marked the formal declaration of Philippine independence from the United States. He served as the president until April 15, 1948 when he succumbed to a heart attack while delivering an impassioned speech in defense of democracy at Clark Air Field in Pampanga. He was succeeded by Vice President Elpidio Quirino.

On June 14, 1949, President Quirino approved Republic Act No. 374 which created the Municipality of President Roxas in the Province of Capiz. Also, President Quirino signed Republic Act No. 603, the Charter of Roxas City, on April 11, 1951.

Note: This part of LegendHarry‘s July 30-August 8, 2013 Panay Island Backpacking Trip.

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