After the proclamation of the Philippine independence from the Spanish colonial government on June 12, 1898 in Kawit, Cavite, the newly freed nation was living on a dangerous ground. With its former colonizers nearly at the end of its stranglehold of the archipelago, a new imperialistic master was preparing to take over. The Malolos Congress ratified the Malolos Constitution on January 20, 1899 in Malolos, Bulacan; approved by¬†General Emilio Aguinaldo on January 21; promulgated on January 22. On January 23, 1899, the First Philippine Republic was formally birthed with General Aguinaldo as the president. The young republic however was soon dragged into a war againstRead More →

On this site on May 28, 1898, between 10AM to 3PM, a bloody encounter ensued between Filipino revolutionary forces and approximately 270 Spanish marines. This battle, which resulted in the triumph of Filipino forces, was taken as a glorious occasion for General Emilio Aguinaldo to display the Philippine flag for the first time at Cavite Nuevo. The event, which marked the baptism of fire and glory of the Philippine flag, was the beginning of the successful struggle to overthrow Spanish rule and the establishment of the Philippine Republic. Because of the historical significance of this date, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Proclamation No. 374 declaring MayRead More →

Speech by Captain Salvador P. Lopez, delivered by Lieutenant Normando Ildefonso Reyes on the Voice of Freedom broadcast at Malinta Tunnel, Corregidor Island on April 9, 1942. Bataan has fallen. The Philippine-American troops on this war-ravaged and bloodstained peninsula have laid down their arms. With heads bloody but unbowed, they have yielded to the superior force and numbers of the enemy. The world will long remember the epic struggle that Filipino and American soldiers put up in the jungle fastness and along the rugged coast of Bataan. They have stood up uncomplaining under the constant and grueling fire of the enemy for more that threeRead More →

Tagaytay City is one of the most scenic and popular destinations near the national capital Manila. The eighth to be chartered, it was made into city upon the approval of Commonwealth Act No. 338 by President Manuel L. Quezon on June 21, 1938. CA No. 338 empowered President Quezon to “appoint, with the consent of the Commission on Appointments of the National Assembly, the Mayor, the Vice-mayor, and the members of the City Council, the city health officer, the city engineer, the chief of police, the city treasurer, the city assessor, the city attorney, and the assistant attorney, and he may remove at pleasure anyRead More →

The idyllic town of Calamba, Laguna birthed on this date in 1888 the highest ranking Filipino military officer during the Second World War. The first Filipino graduate of the United States Military Academy (Class of 1914) at West Point, General Vicente Lim had a decorated military career. General Lim rose through the ranks and in 1940 he was promoted as the Chief of Staff of the Philippine Army. On August 28, 1941, the 41st Philippine Division was organized in Tagaytay City, Cavite. The division was formed pursuant to the Military Order of President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued on July 26, 1941 and Proclamation No. 740Read More →

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