When the hostilities in Bataan Peninsula ceased on April 9, 1942, the worst nightmare had only just begun. Mentally and physically fatigued and famished, the surviving units of the USAFFE were forced to capitulate and then embarked into an ignominious and inhumane march. To what forsaken land, no one probably knew. Those who did not perish in the Battle of Bataan will have to go through some hellish days. The day after the Fall of Bataan, USAFFE soldiers from Mariveles started the horrific ordeal called Bataan Death March. Those from Bagac followed the next day. Further exposed to scorching summer sun and cold night sky,Read More →

“Don’t you realize that that is a useless life which is not consecrated to a great idea? It is a stone wasted in the fields without becoming a part of any edifice.” – The Reign of Greed by Charles Derbyshire (Complete English Version of ‘El Filibusterismo‘ of José P. Rizal) There was a period of interruption in the life of the Philippines’ greatest hero that seemingly skewed his journeys and activities. José P. Rizal had become renowned in the arts, social and political circles in Manila, Europe, East Asia, and the United States. But as his reputation grew larger than life, Rizal became a loomingRead More →

If the Province of Aklan has a revolutionary hero named General Francisco del Castillo, the Province of Antique has General Leandro Locsin Fullon. He was born in the storied coastal town of Hamtic, Antique on March 13, 1877. Although the independence from Madre España was already proclaimed in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1998, the Philippine Revolution continued in the Visayas. Together with Generals Martin Delgado and Ananias Diokno, General Leandro Fullon, the commanding officer of the Visayan forces, was sent by General Emilio Aguinaldo to liberate the island. The independence proved to be short-lived, if not an anomaly, as the Filipino-American War commenced nearlyRead More →

At the crossing of the Pinaglaban and N. Domingo Streets of the present-day San Juan City, the first hostility of the Philippine-Spanish Revolution occurred. At dawn on August 30, 1896, Andres Bonifacio and his 800-strong yet poorly-armed Katipuneros faced off with the well-armed 100-man, well-trained Spanish soldiers. Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto, Sancho Valenzuela and the freedom fighters eventually captured El Polvorin, a powder depot located in San Juan del Monte. But the Spaniards withdrew to the old deposito, the water reservoir in the town. This was after the Spanish commander was shot down by Bonifacio‘s only gun. By noon time, the dreaded 73rd Regiment composed ofRead More →

In the pre-Spanish days of Panay Island, there was a datu who ruled Aklan, one of the three kingdoms in the island. His name was Datu Bendahara Kalantiaw, a descendant of the ten datus of Borneo. In 1433, he issued what was known as the Kalantiaw Code, a set of 18 laws that governed his kingdom and his subjects. But the Code of Kalantiaw was debunked and proved to be just a hoax. William Henry Scott, a historian who focused on the Cordilleras and the Pre-Spanish Philippines, successfully defended as part of his doctoral dissertation his findings that the code was a fraud that aRead More →

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