On this site of Dikaloyungan in Barangay Zabali, Baler, Aurora on September 3, 1897, Filipino revolutionaries led by Teodorico Luna Novicio, Anterio Amatorio, Norberto Valenzuela, and Isabelo Palispis tore their cedulas as an act of defiance against the Spanish colonial authorities. They also signed a manifesto declaring their resistance. This event precipitated the revolution in the district of Baler. (289)Read More →

The Philippine Revolution started in August 1896 when the secret society KKK (Kataástaasan, Kagalanggalang Katipunan ng̃ mg̃á Anak ng̃ Bayan) was discovered by the Spanish colonial authorities. Although the main battlefronts were in Manila and surrounding provinces, other islands followed suit and joined in the quest to liberate the islands from the Spaniards. The Revolt of Cebu was started not by its own son but by another from a neighboring island. Born in Bacong, Negros Oriental on July 27, 1873, Pantaleon Villegas was the son of Don Policarpio Villegas and Doña Úrsula Soldi. Commissioned by General Emilio Aguinaldo, Leon Kilat organized Cebuano revolutionaries upon dispatched.Read More →

The Church of Santa Barbara took a long period of time to be built. In 1849, Father Francisco Agueria started the construction of the church under the patronage of Saint Barbara the Virgin and Martyr. Father Mateo Rodriguez continued it from 1855 to 1873. Finally, Father Calixto Fernandez finished the church in 1878. During the Philippine Revolution, General Martin Delgado convened a junta in Santa Barbara, Iloilo to continue the struggle for freedom. On November 17, 1898, the Church of Santa Barbara became the headquarters of the ejercito libertador (liberation army) when General Delgado established the revolutionary government in the Visayas. The church and itsRead More →

At the crossing of the Pinaglaban and N. Domingo Streets of the present-day San Juan City, the first hostility of the Philippine-Spanish Revolution occurred. At dawn on August 30, 1896, Andres Bonifacio and his 800-strong yet poorly-armed Katipuneros faced off with the well-armed 100-man, well-trained Spanish soldiers. Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto, Sancho Valenzuela and the freedom fighters eventually captured El Polvorin, a powder depot located in San Juan del Monte. But the Spaniards withdrew to the old deposito, the water reservoir in the town. This was after the Spanish commander was shot down by Bonifacio‘s only gun. By noon time, the dreaded 73rd Regiment composed ofRead More →

Deep into the heart of Manila is a house replete with history. It was here where the Lakambini of the Katipunan spent her life after the Philippine-Spanish Revolution. It was also here where a famous family of jewelers lived. This historic house was built in 1914 by Dr. Ariston Bautista for his wife Petrona Nakpil based on the design by famous architect Arcadio Arellano. It was built on the site of a previous Nakpil house. Dr. Bautista was a Propagandist and friend of Dr. José P. Rizal. He was a physician, a philanthropist and the discoverer of a medicine that cured cholera. Julio Nakpil (1877-1960),Read More →

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